The figure of the hackers, as a person who illegally accesses third-party systems to appropriate them or obtain secret information, as the RAE indicates, is as old as the internet itself.
Divided, roughly speaking, into two groups, depending on whether they are engaged in accessing private systems with malicious purposes ‘black hat’, or whether their work is aimed at reinforcing security in the network of white hat networks, each time It is more the hackers who have changed to the side of the good with the passage of time, seeing in this emergent sector a highly paid professional exit.
The truth is that they are those who have more chaos and more public scandal have managed to generate with their actions those who have earned a more notorious fame at an international level, as we will review with some of the best-known examples of The history of the ‘hack’.
Kevin Mitnick: Kevin Mitnick (The Condor), who was hiding behind that pseudonym, was the first major hacker to generate a first-rate social alarm after accessing the “ultra-protected” systems of Nokia and Motorola. Far from being satisfied with the secret information theft of several multinationals, Mitnick took advantage of before being caught to hack other hackers to make clear who was the number 1 in this type of dark affairs. After seven years in jail after being declared the ‘most wanted computer crime in history’ at the time, The Condor decided to create his own company ‘Mitnick Security’ related to network security in the first major step of the ‘Black hat’ to ‘white hat’ that is remembered.
Vladimir Levin: Without any nickname, he dedicated his career exclusively to putting his knowledge to the service of the massive theft of money. In the mid-1990s, when banking systems were not as potent and secure as they are now, Levin, from his St. Petersburg flat, managed to steal $ 10 million from Citibank’s clients. After having to return all the money and be sentenced to three years in prison and a fine of a quarter of a million dollars, it is speculated that Levin has gone back to work, becoming one of the most wanted Russian hackers of the moment.
Cracka: One of the outstanding students of the path that Mitnick and Levin opened at the time was this British teenager who, after flogging through the CIA archives, managed to hack the director of the world’s most hermetic and protected institution to alarm National level security in the United States. At sixteen, Cracka was able not only to reveal his private e-mails but to access his telephone bills and reveal the identity of more than thirty thousand corps agents such as the CIA or the FBI. After becoming “the most wanted” by the US government, however, later he was arrested in the south of England.
Michael Calce: With just fifteen years this young hacker decided to test his skills as a hacker attacking portals the size and importance of Amazon, eBay or Yahoo causing major financial damage. Victim of his young age and the need to strut as the cause of all these attacks in different forums in the network of networks was discovered and put to the service of the American authorities in a short time.
Alexsey Belan: This young Russian who has not yet reached the age of thirty is the third most wanted cyber criminals in the United States. Accused of hacking the systems of the world’s three largest e-commerce companies, Belan is also credited with stealing and selling databases with millions of users to other hackers across the globe. In search and capture, and following his footsteps through Eastern Europe, Maldives, and Southeast Asia, any information that leads to him is rewarded for no less than $ 100,000.
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